Bangladesh is one of the countries which are very vulnerable to the effects of climate change. It has been expected that millions of people are going to become homeless within a span of 40 years.
According to Huffington Post, there will be a dramatic rise in the number of “climate change refugees” in the country in the coming decades. It has been estimated that around 20 million people in the Asian nation are going to lose their homes by 2050.
The report also stated that if sea levels rise by 3.2 feet then one fifth of the country will be submerged in water. It is noteworthy here that the country is located on the delta formed by some of the biggest rivers of Asia.
Bangladesh witnesses different kinds of natural disasters every year due to the global warming and climate change effects. Floods or flash floods, cyclone and storm surges, salinity intrusion and extreme temperature and draught are the calamities faced by the country every year.
The economy of Bangladesh is mainly based on agriculture. Thus, the environmental issues will have a widespread impact on the country’s economy. The fishery sector is also facing the adverse effects of climate change. One fourth of the population of the country lives in coastal areas. They are always affected by coastal floods/tidal surges, salinity, river bank erosion and tropical cyclones.
Bangladesh had witnessed its most devastating cyclone on November, 15, 2007. Cyclone Sidr hit the country’s coastline with winds of 155 miles per hour and tidal waves 16.4 feet, as reported by Huffington Post.
Rashedul Rana, an entrepreneur and climate volunteer, stated that climate exile is becoming a reality in the country. The Bangladeshi Capital Dhaka is flooded with millions of climate change refugees. These people are living in harsh conditions. According to Rana, this again emphasizes on the justice issues related to environmental change which affect the vulnerable and marginalized the most.