Brazil has decided to use drones to locate the breeding grounds of mosquitoes, which carry the virus that causes dengue fever and the chikungunya virus.

The drones will monitor the locations with high accuracy. In Sao Paulo, they are making low-altitude rounds to detect the possibility of pests in gardens, on terraces and other breeding places. They will fumigate the detected target right away, covering maximum areas.

The drone-operation has inspected around 60 million homes, which also includes deployment of armed forces.

The move came following the increasing number of cases around South American countries. The idea also advances the effort of using drones when houses are inaccessible. It will improve the operation without disturbing residents.

Sao Paulo Health Secretary Alexandra Padilha said that the government is buckling down towards newer and easy ways to combat the virus.

The drone, ROMEO (Remotely Operated Mosquito Emission Operation) will explicitly target to sterilise the mosquitoes over affected areas.

According to RT, once the female mosquito mates with the sterilised male, the process is successful. As the female mosquito mates once in a lifetime, the process is expected to show positive results.

Use of drones is not new nowadays. A recent show in UAE – Drones for Good – encouraged the idea of exploring the potential of drones and robotics in the medical field.

Following the alarming situation, World Health Organisation(WHO) declared worldwide health emergency. It strongly suspected the relation between Zika virus and the neurological disorder, microcephaly – which causes abnormal head and under-developed brain in newborn babies. But the possible link has not been confirmed scientifically.

Brazil is facing the worst-case scenario of Zika among all other South American countries.

On Monday, a team of U.S government disease detectives has also launched a research-project in Brazil to figure out any link between Zika and birth defects, NPR reports.

It will be carried out by a 16-member team of epidemiologists from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.