The number of Zika virus-infected patients has rapidly increased in Australia. As a result of this, people are curious to obtain as much information as possible relating to the virus.
The symptoms of the infection are usually confused with other physical health issues while the treatment of the disease is yet unclear. The preventive measures are meant to be utilized at the initial stages where diagnosis of the virus is very difficult. Along with the indications and treatment of the disease, information on how Zika virus is transmitted is also important.
The ways in which the Zika virus infection moves from one person to another are as follows:
When an infected mosquito belonging to the Aedes species bites a person, he gets affected. These are the same species of the insect that causes dengue and chikungunia. Normally, the transmitting mosquitoes attack bodies in daytime. However, they might also be there to infect you at night. If a mosquito is not infected but bites a person with the infection, it becomes the medium of transmission.
A pregnant woman is more prone to be affected with Zika virus. She can pass the infection on to the child she carries in her womb. Zika is known for causing microcephaly and other brain defects. Hence, if a woman suffers from Zika infection, it is likely for her child to suffer from the same. However, there has been no reports of transmission through breastfeeding from mother to child yet. There are studies underway to examine if the virus can be transmitted to the fetus in some other ways through pregnancy.
If a person infected with the disease engages in a sexual relationship with someone, the other person also gets infected. According to reports, the transmission starts taking place even before the infected person notices any symptoms.
In Brazil, reports have suggested that the Zika virus is transmitted to people through blood transfusion. However, no such reports have been obtained from other nations yet.
Zika transmission during lab experiments was reported when the disease first broke. However, the medium of transmission has not been found.
Besides the above-mentioned ways of transmission put forth by CDC, one more important thing that people need to be careful about is to avoid traveling to places that are prone to Zika virus attacks.