March 22 marks World Water Day 2016. World Water day is an annual event encouraged by the UN. The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development sets aside a day every year to focus attention on freshwater and sustainable management of freshwater resources.
The UN, by declaring a day World Water Day, is encouraging the importance of freshwater, as well as concreting the basic human right to freshwater and sustainable water management.
The routine exercise of young children to walk copious kilometres for a small barrel full of water is not desired. Changes must be made, and a process has been drawn out. World Water Day, allows these processes to be assessed and maintained.
According to Thomas Reuters Foundation News, Plan UK, a charity focusing on humanitarian aid and child right’s has produced 10 interesting facts about water.
Plan UK works in over 50 countries around the world, their main objectives when entering a country is providing communities access to safe water, education, hygiene and sanitation. In 2015, Plan offered support in constructing 2,600 water systems.
Facts about Water and its preservation, findings found in 2015 World Water Day:
- How many people do not have access to drinkable water? 663 million people.
- WHO (World Health Organisation) has claimed that the 5 gallons of water, does not come close to covering their water needs on a daily basis.
- 66 children die from diarrhoea every hour, safe water reduces this.
- Globally, one-third of all schools does not have proper access to drinkable water, or facilities. Schools that do, show an increase in attendance.
- 50 per cent of malnutrition is linked to lack of safe water. 160 million children suffer stunning of malnutrition.
The 2016 World Water Day has a new theme. It focuses on “Better Water, Better Jobs”, according to The Daily Times. The UN released a statement explaining this year’s theme and said, “Focusing on how enough quantity and quality water can change workers’ lives and livelihoods-and even transform societies and economies”.
In 2015 World Resources Institute finalised a list of the 33 most likely water-stressed countries in 2040, pin pointing where efforts to improve water conditions should be targeted. Fourteen of these are in the Middle East, including; Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Palestine, Israel, Saudi Arabia and Oman.Whilst countries such as Chile, Estonia, Namibia, and Botswana are at a risk of being declared water-stressed countries as well.
However, it is not only second or third world countries that face water-stress. The United States, India and China, considered three of the worlds superpowers face their own water risks. High water-stress will remain in United States, China and India well into 2040.