The United States had its first uterus transplant performed in Cleveland on Feb 24, Wednesday. The operation, which took nine hours was reported to have transplanted a uterus from a dead donor to a 26-year old female whose identity was not disclosed.

The transplant is a breakthrough in the uterine factor infertility study, ABC News reported. The study’s main aim is to find a solution to the condition which hinders successful pregnancies of some women secondary to genetic abnormalities, scarring or underdevelopment of the uterus and fibroids.

An obstetrician-gynecologist and chairman of the Cleveland Women’s Health Institute stated that based on the initial study during last fall, women that have UFI would be requiring another option. He said that while surrogacy and adoption can offer a chance of becoming a parent, it also gives logistical issues which may not be satisfactory because of some cultural, personal or legal factors.

Uterus transplants were already performed in Sweden and Turkey, which have resulted in four births. However, the operation last Wednesday in Cleveland was the first in the US. However, uterus transplants lead to a number of moral issues and are filled with a lot of medical risks. In addition to this, the transplant only helps in enabling women to bear two pregnancies, the most.

Initially, the woman should allow her eggs to be removed and turned frozen. She will stay in immune system-suppressing drugs until the uterus becomes one with her body in order to prevent rejection. The UFI patient will then undergo biopsies every month and wait for at least a year prior to getting pregnant. A year of rest will allow the body to recover, as well as for the medication to be properly adjusted.

Uterine transplant is only allowed by the clinic for up to 10 times as part of the research. Its effectiveness and safety will then be decided. Around 50,000 women are undergoing screening as possible candidates for transplant, UPI reported.