NASA has recently confirmed evidence of flowing liquid water on our neighboring planet, Mars.
Researchers from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) were able to detect “signatures of hydrated minerals on slopes where mysterious streaks are seen on the Red Planet.” These mysterious dark streaks are said to “ebb and flow over time,” according to the NASA press release.
John Grunsfeld, an astronaut and associate administrator of NASA’s Science Mission Directorate in Washington, said, “our quest on Mars has been to ‘follow the water,’ in our search for life in the universe, and now we have convincing science that validates what we’ve long suspected.”
Below are images of liquid water on Mars taken by NASA:
Those hydrated minerals called perchlorates are “able to keep water from freezing even at temperatures as cold as -94 degrees Fahrenheit,” as reported on CNBC. During the warm season, the perchlorates form streaks called recurring slope lineae (RSL) on the planet’s surface and disappears during the cold season.
CNBC also notes that Lujendra Ojha, a researcher on the project, said “something is hydrating these salts, and it appears to be these streaks that come and go with the seasons.” This, according to her, means that Mars has “briny” water as “salts lower the freezing point of water.”
Ojha continues, “even if RSL are slightly underground, where it’s even colder than the surface temperature, the salts would keep the water in a liquid form and allow it to creep down Martian slopes.”
The New York Times reports that this is the first time that the scientists confirmed the presence of the liquid water and “marks a shift in tone for NASA” as the planet could be inhabited despite its dusty landscape.
The discovery of the mars water can lead to more explorations and researches to find the possibility of life on the Mars.