Dyslexia is a disability that is marked by difficulty in learning to read or interpret words, letters and other symbols, which affect one in five people. To demonstrate how a dyslexic reads, Victor Widell, a developer, has created a simulation of dyslexia in his blog Geon.
Widell’s simulation does not apply to all dyslexics. Dyslexia ranges from mild to severe, with letter positions varying from one person to another.
The Australian Dyslexia Association states that the disability affects 10 percent of the Australian population. Mayo Clinic says that inherited dyslexia has been linked to certain genes that control the brain development. Some may acquire dyslexia after suffering brain injuries.
The symptoms for dyslexia for pre-school children include late talking, learning new words slowly, difficulty learning nursery rhymes and problems playing rhyming games. School-age children may show signs of reading below the expected age, problems understanding what is heard, difficulty understanding rapid instructions, and difficulty recalling the sequence of things.
Teens and adults, on the other hand, may have difficulty reading, trouble comprehending jokes or simple expressions, problems with time management, problems with summarising a story, difficulty learning a new language, problems memorising and solving math problems.
Experts note that dyslexia is not a disease. In fact, people with dyslexia are more creative and more intelligent. Public figures like businessman Richard Branson, Leonardo da Vinci, Tom Cruise, Steve Jobs and Keanu Reeves all have it, just to name a few.
There is no cure for it. However, several strategies can help an individual. Children are encouraged to receive specialist education support, which may include one-on-one teaching sessions or studying in a small class for a few hours each week.
For those with severe dyslexia, experts suggest enrolling the child in specialist schools. Nevertheless, schools that specifically cater to dyslexics remain inaccessible in many areas.
Outcomes still differ for each individual. However, the sooner the child gets diagnosed and gets the help, the more successful the outcome will be.