August 2016 was the warmest August in 136 years, according to experts from NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York. Based on their monthly analysis of global temperatures released on Sept. 12, August 2016’s temperature was 0.16 degrees Celsius hotter than the former hottest August back in 2014.
According to the scientists, this year’s August tied up with this year’s July for the hottest month ever although the seasonal temperature normally peaks in the month of July. Since the months in 2016 set new world records for being the warmest months since modern record-keeping began, this effectively makes 2016 the warmest year on record.
This year’s August temperature was also 0.98 degrees Celsius higher than the mean temperature scientists recorded during the month of August between 1951 and 1980.
“Monthly rankings, which vary by only a few hundredths of a degree, are inherently fragile,” points out Gavin Schmidt, the director of Goddard Institute for Space Studies. “We stress that the long-term trends are the most important for understanding the ongoing changes that are affecting our planet.”
Apparently, the temperature recorded in August 2016 maintains the streak of 11 consecutive months beginning October 2015 that also broke records for having the highest temperatures ever recorded.
Scientists from the GISS analyzed publicly available data gathered by 6,300 meteorological stations across the globe, as well as by instruments aboard ships or buoys. They also gathered data taken by Antarctic research stations.
They had to compare the temperatures with temperatures that were recorded around 1880. They did not study temperature observations before 1880 because the temperatures recorded did not cover enough of the Earth.
NASA also stated earlier that July 2016 was the warmest July in 136 years of modern record-keeping. The temperatures recorded were 0.1 degrees Celsius higher than the previous months of July in 2015, 2011 and 2009.