The Earth Day leaders of 130 nations will come together in the United Nations New York headquarters to sign the historic climate deal as they look for a solution to global warming. Last year’s Paris agreement will be signed this time.

The signing takes place on the 46th anniversary of Earth Day. Every year, since its inception, earth day is marked by activities to clean up the environment by people across the globe.

The first earth day was organized by US senator Gaylord Nelson  on 22 April, 1970. According to Eco Watch, 20 million Americans hit the street to protest the adverse effects of industrial development on the environment. The protest resulted in some of the world’s toughest environmental laws, including community rights to right-to-know provisions and allows citizens to sue their government in case of failure to enforce the law.

Now in every Earth Day people around the world engage into activities like cleaning up their communities, planting trees and protesting against acts which harm the environment. Thus, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon’s decision to sign the Paris climate agreement on this occasion is very apt. People this year will celebrate Earth Day by working for a clean environment.

The adverse effects of climate change are already visible. Super cyclone Winston and its devastation in the island nation Fiji is one such instance.

Fiji Prime Minister Josaia Bainimarama expressed his concerns by saying, “The frequency and intensity of extreme weather events such as Winston’s is increasing. And we all have to be fearful about what this means—not only for ourselves, but for future generations.”

Concerned world leader decided to limit the rise in global temperatures to well below 2 degrees through the historic Paris agreement. The agreement provides a way to reduce greenhouse gas emission including the reduction in pollution from factories and fossil fuel like coal. The agreement recommends a way to stop global warming by using renewal energies like wind and solar, reported VOA.

The first step towards putting the plans into action is signing the agreement by global leaders. Then the respective governments should approve it to put it into action.

Critics, on the other hand, said that the agreements specific emission targets are too low and the implementation process is very slow. They also have pointed that it fails to specify penalties for non-compliance. However, at the same time the agreement emphasizes the role people have in transforming the world from a fossil fuel dominated one to one driven by renewal energy.

A few days back the World Bank announced that it would spend 28 percent of its investments in renewal energy and other projects to deal with climate change.