With Franklin Roosevelt being born, Mahatma Ghandi being assassinated, the brand Mazda being created in Japan, today is an iconic day. With so much happening on this day, we will walk through the most recognised events that have helped shape the world.
1882: FDR was born
Future president of the United States of America, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born today, over 100 years ago. He grew up in Hyde Park, New York as an only child to a upper-middle-class family. He graduated from Harvard and received a degree from Columbia Law School. In 1905, he married his future first lady, Eleanor Roosevelt.
He served as a governor of New York from 1929 to 1932. His way of helping the needy during his younger years created a platform for him to be elected as the 32nd president of the US in 1933, serving for four terms.
However, in 1921 at the age of 39, Roosevelt contracted a rare condition of adult polio and lost the use of his legs. His condition was no secret to the general public; he was in a wheelchair for the rest of his life.
As Franklin’s health became weaker, Eleanor actively stepped in and helped out her husband, fortifying the idea that women are not just for domestic duties. She gave press conferences and readily gave speeches to speak out for human rights, children’s causes and women’s issues.
Today in 1920, Jujiro Matsuda founded a company called Toyo Cork Kogyo, which made corks in Japan. A decade later, the company produced its first automobile and eventually changed its name to Mazda. Today, Mazda is known for its affordable, quality-performance vehicles, including the Miata, the world’s best-selling two-seat roadster.
At the Chicago Auto Show in 1989, Mazda unveiled the MX-5 Miata, a two-door sports car at the price of only US$13,000. The inspiration for the car was to create an affordable, light weight, classic roadster. In 2000, the Guinness Book of World Records named the Miata as the best-selling convertible in history.
However, the company was impacted by the economic slump in the 1990’s, where Ford took a large portion of stake, rescuing it from potential bankruptcy. The two companies shared its facilities and other resources. Coincidentally in 2008, Ford went through a large slump and sold 20 percent of its stake to Mazda for $540 million.
1948: Mahatma Ghandi assassinated
Indian political and spiritual leader, Mohandas Ghandi was assassinated at the age of 58 by a Hindu fanatic. Born in 1869, he became a remarkable student and was given the opportunity to study law in England in 1888.
After he came back to India, he was accepted into a law firm in South Africa. However he was subjected to racism and the law restricted the rights of Indian laborers. His fight for justice started when he was kicked off a first-class railway compartment. From thereon, he decided to fight injustice and defend his rights as an Indian and a man.
He became a spiritual leader after the Boer War (1899-1901). He practiced sexual abstinence, practicing Satyagraha (soul force) which was a method of non-violent resistance, he also renounced modern technology. He was later called “Mahatma” or “Great Soul” by the people in India .
Today, Mahatma is known as another Martin Luther King Jr and is labelled as a spiritual leader who helped India during their great struggle under the British rule. He was also part of the great India, Pakistan and Bangladesh split.