Climate change is being blamed for the shortage of food in 34 countries, with almost 80 percent of them from Africa. The latest report by the UN indicates that these countries do not have enough supply of food due to conflicts, flooding and drought.
According to the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization’s report on Crop Prospects and Food Situation, the conflicts in Syria, Somalia, Iraq, Central African Republic and Yemen have significantly affected their agricultural production, which primarily contributed to the humanitarian crisis in their countries. Unfortunately, these conflicts have also affected other countries, extending over those hosting some refugees; hence, draining their food resources, VOA News reported.
Climate change has taken its toll in the eastern part of Africa, where an estimate of half a million people has been affected by El Niño-related flooding. Not to mention the Congo’s current situation of dealing with nearly 100,000 refugees from the Central African Republican, as well as the conflict in the east that displaced around 1.5 million people.
FAO stated in the report that the El Niño-related drought has decreased the number of crop production prospects this year in South Africa. It further explained that the dry conditions related to El Niño can also impact the planting of crops intended for the main growing season, specifically in the areas of the Caribbean and Central America for the third consecutive year, SF Gate reported.
The flooding and drought reported in North Korea in 2015 have also greatly reduced the production of crops during the main and early growing seasons based on the FAO’s report.
Climate change has affected other parts of the world; the 2016 outlook for crops for instance. It is still favorable in general; however, the early predictions show that large wheat crops in major Asian countries will be significantly brought to its lowest yield. FAO’s initial forecast for the wheat production this year is 723 million tons, or 10 million tons below 2015’s record output.