Algeria and Morocco have become the top arms importers in Africa, according to a report by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).
The countries topped continent’s arms imports between 2011-2015, with Algeria(30%) and Morocco(26%), followed by Uganda(6.2%) at third.
The report said that Algeria will see major imports in next five years. It includes: two frigates(warships) from China, two frigates from Germany, and 190 tanks, 42 combat helicopters, 14 combat aircrafts, and two submarines from Russia, according to a report by Morocco World News.
In between 2011-2015, Algeria reported 18 percent dip in imports as compared in 2006-2010 period. The future deliveries are expected to change the trend.
While Morocco seen a 528 percent rise in imports in same time. However it remained lower than Algeria. In 2015, Morocco scheduled less deliveries than Algeria with only 150 tanks.
In the past years, USA was the largest provided of arms and weapons. Later the export was limited to Africa. The import followed: 34 percent of weapons imports come from Russia, 13 percent from China, another 13 percent from France, and 11 percent from the USA.
While one-fourth of weapons were imported to Saudi Arabia and 18 percent went to the UAE. The maximum imported weapons went to Qatar and Egypt, due to Yemeni civil war.
In next five years, Saudi Arabia is expecting a massive import of 150 combat aircrafts, missiles, armoured vehicles from four different countries. It was the second largest importer of arms in Middle East in between 2011-2015.
In Middle East, the arms-import increased by 61 percent between 2006 and 2015.
‘A coalition of Arab states is putting mainly US -and European- sourced advanced arms into use in Yemen,’said Pieter Wezeman, Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Arms and Military Expenditure Programme, in a report by SIPRI.
“Despite low oil prices, large deliveries of arms to the Middle East are scheduled to continue as part of contracts signed in the past five years.”