Thursday, September 29, 2016

3800-Year Old Female Mummy from Middle Kingdom Found in Egypt

3800-Year Old Female Mummy from Middle Kingdom Found in Egypt

Ministry of Antiquities

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A 3,800-year-old female Egyptian mummy found in the necropolis of Qubbet el-Hawa in southeastern Egypt is from the Middle Kingdom. The tomb belonged to a woman called “Lady Sattjeni,” one of the important personalities of the kingdom.

Archaeologists say that the mummy is covered in linen and was recovered from two wooden coffins. It is in good condition. Moreover, the coffins are also in such good condition that researchers can even find out the age of the trees they were made from.

“The discovery is of historic importance because Sattjeni is one of the most important figures in the Middle Kingdom, being the mother of Heqaib III and Amaeny-Senb, two of the highest authorities of Elephantine under the reign of Amenemhat III, around 1800-1775 BC,” Dr Mahmoud Afify, head of the Ancient Egyptian Archaeology Sector at the Ministry of Antiquities said in a report by Daily Mail.

According to Discovery, the researchers have been scoping out the necropolis since 2008. They found also the remains of Sattjeni’s eldest son Heqaib III.

Dr Alejandro Jiménez-Serrano, a researcher at Jaén University in Spain, said that Sattjeni was an important figure of the bloodline. She was the offspring of the monarch Sarenput II. After no male member was left in the family, she held the governmental rights to Elephantine.

The discovery of Sattjeni could reveal more about the lineage of Elephantine rulers. In 1800 B.C., Elephantine was ruled by her family.

Several other burials were also discovered during the process. According to Ahram Online, one mummy is believed to be the oldest breast cancer patient.

Two weeks back, a 3,000-year-old mummy was also discovered. It was covered in tattoos describing the ancient inscription of pharaoh and god. Those symbols were related to the Egyptian goddess Hathor while some denoted the symbol of magical powers during the rituals performed for the goddess. It was the first time that researchers came across such expressions.